Simple injury like falls can cause someone’s death. This primary applicable for older adults because as the person they age, there are so many factors that affects them to stand upright or balanced properly. Some of the factors are poor eyesight, poor hearing, nerves, muscles and bones. Basically as the person age, these important senses may deteriorate and it can surely affect the ability to walk, stand and rise.
In fact in 2003, there is approximately 1.8 million older adult in the United States had been admitted in hospital emergency rooms due to injuries related to fall and over 400,000 of these people were hospitalized. Furthermore, senior citizens must not be afraid of falling or they should not fall rule their lives because these are preventable.
There are various scientific research and studies that identifies a wide array of adaptable risk factors that may increase the chances of being fall like side effects of a certain medications, poor eyesight, loss of limb feeling, tripping hazard at home and less physical activity.
The ACA provides the following fall prevention tips:
Perform a home safety check
The most common causes of falls and trips are primarily the hazards within the elder’s residence. Most particularly the objects on floor usually cause them to tumble. Home Safety Checklist should be discussed by the health care providers with the family of the patient for them to determine the probable hazards to lessen the risk of injury.
Begin a regular exercise program
Older adults must not stop getting an exercise as they age. In fact it is best to ask their chiropractors what are the activities or exercises that they can do. Included in the light activities that they can do are tai chi, water workouts, walking and dancing light dances. Exercise is very important to ones health because it lessens the risk of falls by enhancing flexibility, coordination, balance and strength.
Review your medications
Some medication or prescription may have some side effects that may increase the risk of fall. Most medications have several side effects to the brain function and can cause lightheadedness or dizziness.
In addition, taking various medications also enhances the risk especially when it is combined with cough suppressants, painkillers, sleeping medications, over-the-counter medications and alcohol. It is best to consult physician for them to evaluate the medication and decreases your chances of falling. Additionally, asking for supports like walking aids while taking such prescriptions are ideal.
Have your vision checked
Severe eye problem can increase the risk of falls. Included in that problems are old age eye disease like glaucoma and cataracts, these condition can alters your susceptibility to glare, visual acuity and depth perception. These factors can hinder you from moving safely. That is why, it is best to have a regular appointment with ophthalmologist.
Osteoporosis can make the bones less strong to stress and fracture. It can be caused by deficiencies in vitamin D, calcium and hormonal changes as well as less physical activity. For most adults especially women, osteoporosis is the main cause of fractures.
In order to reduce the risk and effects of osteoporosis, make sure to take sufficient calcium and drink water. Calcium is available in foods like almonds, tofu, turnip greens, collars, soybeans, broccoli, shellfish, fish, cheese, yogurt and milk. Furthermore, it is also best to get enough vitamin D, it can be acquired naturally from sunlight but for adults they can get it through supplements.
Falls must not be the element of getting older. As long as you are doing exercise, lifestyle changes, home improvements and other activities that can make you stay active can lessen your risk. There are several tips that you have to remember in order to reduce the risk of being fall. The most effective guide is prevention from getting trip or fall.